This study by Betty Hart and Todd Risley shows the role that communication plays in vocabulary development. Sadly, it is very obvious what type of family children come from when they enter kindergarten. Some are read to every night, and others may not have ever seen a book (other than a magazine or sales paper that came in the mail). It is so frustrating that parents do not realize the effects that their actions have on their children. Children mimic what their parents do, especially when it comes to vocabulary. Therefore, parents need to communicate openly and use higher order vocabulary (as discussed in the Beck and McKeown study) when speaking to their children. The children will “pick up” these words and use them. Doing this will only help students be more successful in school, why do parents not want to better prepare their children for school?